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Board of Trustees Section 1000

Board of Trustees 1000-1099


The Trustees of the Morrison Christian Association shall serve as Trustees of Morrison Academy. As Trustees of Morrison Academy, the Board shall have the responsibility for the management and disposition of the affairs of Morrison Academy, not inconsistent with the Certificate of Incorporation and the By-laws of the Association. The Trustees term of service will correspond with the fiscal year as defined in Policy #4430 ANNUAL AUDIT.



The Board of Trustees (hereafter referred to as the Board) is a created body established according to the Certificate of Incorporation and By-laws of Morrison Christian Association. The Board has complete authority over school affairs when it is in a duly constituted meeting and serving as a legal body. The statements or actions by individual Trustees are binding only when acting in pursuance of a specific Board instruction.



In order to glorify God, the Board of Trustees shall carry out the following duties.

  1. Set and oversee the vision and direction for the school and sustain its Christian heritage.
  2. Hire, support, and evaluate the Superintendent.
  3. Ensure effective organizational planning.
  4. Be good stewards of all the resources entrusted to the Board in order to fulfill the ministry of Morrison Academy.
  5. Monitor the success of the school in fulfilling its vision and purpose.
  6. Ensure legal and ethical integrity and maintain accountability.
  7. Sustain quality Board leadership through new Trustee orientation, ongoing Trustee education, Board evaluation, and Board leadership succession planning.
  8. Promote and adhere to the core values, vision and purpose of Morrison Academy.



In accordance with the laws of the ROC, Morrison Christian Association will maintain a Juridical Entity for the purpose of holding property and carrying out other legal requirements. The members of the Juridical Entity shall be chosen by the Members of the Morrison Christian Association. Action of the Morrison Academy Trustees from Member Missions will constitute action of the Taiwan Provincial Juridical Entity.



No seal of the Morrison Christian Association including: The New Jersey Corporation Seal, The Taiwan Morrison Christian Association Juridical Entity chop, and The Taiwan Morrison Christian Association Juridical Entity Chairperson’s chop shall be used for any purpose whatsoever not consistent with the express resolution of the Trustees. The Taiwan Morrison Christian Association Juridical Entity Chairperson’s chop shall not be used for any purpose whatsoever except to represent him officially as such statutory representative, and then only as the law requires.

The Superintendent of Schools or his/her designee shall be responsible for the custody and constant safekeeping of each of these said three seals and to make them available for use as needed only in accordance with the above regulation. The Morrison Christian Association Juridical Entity chop and Juridical Directors’ chops shall be secured by two different employees.


Duties of the Board of Trustees 1100 - 1199


The qualifications for Trustees must be in compliance with the Certificate of Incorporation and By-Laws of the Association. Each Trustee of Morrison Academy, in order to qualify for such position, must give personal testimony of his or her faith in Jesus Christ and Christ's atoning work on the cross; and further, each Trustee shall subscribe to the Morrison Christian Association Statement of Faith.

Each Trustee should demonstrate wisdom and a commitment and loyalty to the position statements of Morrison Academy.

Other qualifications to consider are: governance experience, professional background, institutional memory and involvement in the Morrison community.

A Morrison Academy employee who is employed at least 0.25 FTE and any of the employee’s immediate family members may not serve as a Trustee.

A Trustee who has served more than 5 years may continue to serve should a family member be employed at Morrison providing the board deems that there are no significant conflicts of interest.



Member Mission Trustees
Each Member Mission shall announce at the annual meeting of the Members its selection of two Trustees to serve for a one or two year period. The two selections from each Member Mission will be certified at the Annual Members' meeting.

When one of the Trustees selected by a Member Mission is subsequently elected Board Chair, such organization shall thereafter be entitled to designate one additional person to serve as Trustee for the remainder of the school year.

Associate Trustees
The Board of Trustees shall have authority to annually select Associate Trustees to serve on the Board for a one or two year term with the same responsibility and authority as the Member Mission Trustees. However, the number of Associate Trustees selected shall not exceed one half of the number of Trustees selected by the Member Missions. Associate Trustees shall be subject to the same qualification requirements as Member Mission Trustees.



Trustees, upon election to the Board, take on certain duties and obligations as individual Trustees which include the following:

  1. To inspire students and staff, by personal example, in Christian faith and living and to model Christian Behavior and Professional Ethics as stated in Policy #3020.
  2. To familiarize themselves with the policies of the Board, administrative procedures and at least the past two years of Board meeting records.
  3. To respect the confidentiality of privileged information vouchsafed to a Trustee.
  4. To work through the Board Chair in dealing with Board-related issues.
  5. To refer complaints and questions through the proper administrative channels, abstaining from individual action.
  6. To attend most Board meetings. Notify the Board Chair when unable to attend regularly scheduled meetings.
  7. To participate on Board-assigned committees.
  8. To pray regularly for the school.
  9. To be a positive ambassador for the school.
  10. To publically support the decisions of the Board.



Under the guidance of the Governance Committee and the Superintendent, orientation shall be provided to new Trustees.



Failure to meet the qualifications of a Trustee or to carry out the responsibilities of a Trustee shall be grounds for removal from the Board. (See Policy #1110 QUALIFICATIONS OF INDIVIDUAL TRUSTEES and Policy #1120 RESPONSIBILITIES OF INDIVIDUAL TRUSTEES,) When a Member Mission Trustee fails to meet the above qualifications and/or responsibilities, a request from the Board will be made to the Member Mission for the removal of said Trustee. The removal of an Associate Trustee or the request for the removal of a Member Mission Trustee must be decided by a minimum of 9 votes at a meeting in which all other Board members participate, either in person or by real time communication. After a Trustee is so removed, the Board will request a replacement according to Policy #1150 REPLACEMENT OF A TRUSTEE.



Any Member Mission Trustee vacancy occurring during their term should be filled by the respective mission, with official notification being made to the Board Chair and copied to the Superintendent in a timely manner.

Any Associate Trustee vacancy occurring during their term may be filled by a nominee selected by the Governance Committee, subject to Board approval. (See Policy #1115 SELECTION OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES).



Trustees of the Board shall receive no remuneration for the discharge of their responsibilities. They shall be reimbursed for all expenses related to Board and Board committee meetings or official school business which have been approved by the Governance Committee.



The Board of Trustees will monitor Morrison Academy’s alignment with the Purpose Statement, Vision Statement, and Core Values of the organization. To facilitate this, the Trustees will be provided with bi-annual alignment assessment results through the Superintendent. The assessment should be methodical and provide valid indicators of the degree to which Morrison’s programs, services and student culture align with the purpose, vision, and core values of the organization.


Organization of the Board of Trustees 1200 - 1299


The Board shall select from its number a Chair, Vice Chair, Secretary and Treasurer. The Board may select other officers as it deems necessary. The term of service for all officers of the Board will correspond with the fiscal year. The term of service for the Board Chair will normally be two years while the term of service for the other officers will be one year.



The Board Chair shall preside at full meetings of the Trustees and see that all orders and resolutions of the Board are carried into effect. The Board Chair shall appoint, subject to confirmation of the Board of Trustees, all standing committees and shall be an ex-officio member of all committees. The Board Chair shall have the general powers and duties of supervision and management usually vested in the office of a corporate board chair.



The Vice Chair, in the Chair's physical absence, shall be vested with all the powers and be required to perform all the duties of the Board Chair.



The Secretary shall keep full minutes of all meetings of the Trustees. The Secretary shall attend all sessions of the Board, shall act as clerk, and record all proceedings. The Secretary shall provide official copies of the minutes to the Superintendent's office to be distributed.



The Treasurer shall serve as Chair of the Finance Committee.


Standing Committees 1300 - 1399


The Board Chair shall appoint an Executive Committee which exercises the powers of the Board in the management of the business affairs and property of Morrison Academy during the intervals between the meetings of the Board. The Executive Committee shall include the Board Chair and one Trustee from each of the Member Missionary organizations. Executive Committee actions shall be reported to the Board at its next meeting. The term of the Executive Committee coincides with the fiscal year.



The Governance Committee will consist of at least three Trustees. One of the Trustees will serve as Chair of the committee. The committee's duties are listed below.

  1. Evaluate the Board of Trustees and Superintendent.
  2. Prepare nominations for Associate Trustees, Secretary, Treasurer, Vice Chair, and Board Chair at the end of each school year.
  3. Initiate professional development activities for the Board.
  4. Oversee orientation for new Trustees.
  5. Review the Board of Trustees Handbook on a regular basis.
  6. Review the Position Statements, Curriculum and Instruction sections of the Administrative Procedure Manual every four years.
  7. Review the Board of Trustees, Personnel and Instructional-Students sections of the Policy Manual and the position statements every four years. (See Policy #1540 POSITION STATEMENTS)
  8. Support and nurture the Superintendent and the Superintendent’s family.
  9. Draft and/or review policies and policy proposals for action by the Board



The Finance Committee shall consist of the Treasurer of the Board of Trustees serving as Chair, at least two additional Trustees, and the Director of Finance. The committee's duties are listed below.

  1. Review financial status, including the annual auditor’s report.
  2. Review and recommend the annual budget to the Board.
  3. Recommend to the Board approval of contracts for construction and remodeling for projects greater than NT$300,000.
  4. Recommend to the Board approval of contracts for long-term leases, selling and/or purchasing property.
  5. Determine the specific missions, churches or other sending organizations which are eligible for missionary discounts or Christian worker discounts, in accordance with Policy #4281 TAIWAN MISSIONARY DISCOUNT and Policy #4282 CHRISTIAN WORKER DISCOUNT.
  6. Review the Finance and Operations section of the Policy Manual.
  7. Review the Financial, Operations, and Personnel sections of the Administrative Procedure Manual once every four years.
  8. Oversee the development and maintenance of a long range strategic plan that:\
    • provides for quality property and facilities;
    • considers major adjustments to programs and services;
    • proactively responds to change in the missionary community and economic environment;
  9. Review the Superintendent’s compensation package at least every two years.



For each campus a trustee will be appointed by the Board Chair to serve as the most visible representative of the Board on that campus. The Coordinator's duties are:

  1. Organize and oversee the Staff Appreciation Dinner for their campus of responsibility. This will also mean coordinating with the Board Chair and other Committee members on the theme, budget, and other ideas.
  2. Intentionally develop relationships with the staff, parents and students on their campus of responsibility to communicate the core values and vision of Morrison Academy.
  3. Be aware of and ensure Trustee participation in as many activities as possible on their campus of responsibility.
  4. Be aware of governance related issues on their campus of responsibility and communicate items of significance to the Board Chair and/or the Superintendent.

Reference: BoardSource Ten Basic Responsibilities of Nonprofit Boards 3rd Edition, Chapter 3

Meetings of the Board of Trustees 1400 - 1499


Prior to the first meeting of the year, the schedule of meetings will be set for the school year at such places and times as specified by the Board. No other additional notice of regular meetings needs to be given.

Special meetings of the Board may be called at the discretion of the Board Chair. Notice of such meetings shall be given at least 48 hours in advance of the meeting.

Board Meetings may be open to individuals from the school and community by request to the Board Chair, or by specific invitation from the Board or Board Chair. The Board may request a closed session when deemed necessary. Non-Board members, unless invited to remain, will be requested to leave during a closed session.



The agenda for the Board will be prepared by the Superintendent and the Board Chair. Any trustee desiring a subject to be included will notify the Superintendent or the Board Chair of the matter ten days prior to the scheduled meeting. The agenda will be distributed to the Trustees at least five days in advance of meetings with supporting documents. The Superintendent shall arrange for the necessary supporting documents required to conduct a productive meeting.



The Board Chair shall conduct the meetings in accordance with bylaws of the association and policies, ensuring that each Trustee has an opportunity to be heard. The Board Chair may engage in the discussion of matters and motions before the Board. The proceedings of the Board at its meeting shall be governed by the prepared agenda, with the exception that items suggested for discussion or action from the table may be received at the discretion of the Board Chair.

When personnel matters are handled, the Board will ensure that the rights of individuals are respected. Proceedings are conducted in such a way that Christian ethics are employed with sensitivity at all times.


The Board Chair, in consultation with the Board of Trustees, may place items on the consent agenda. All the items on the consent agenda are considered as a group under one motion.

Consent items are those which are non-controversial and do not require discussion or explanation prior to Board action. Consent agenda items might include tasks such as, but not limited to, approval of the agenda, approval of previous minutes, approval of policies and approval of reports.

An individual Trustee may remove individual items from the consent agenda by a timely request to the Board Chair prior to the vote on the consent agenda. The request does not require a second or a vote by the Board. An item removed from the consent agenda will then be added to the meeting agenda for discussion.

Consent agenda items are approved by a unanimous vote of the Trustees present. The consent agenda items shall be separately recorded in the minutes.



The Minutes shall be distributed within one week of the meeting. The final copy of all Board Minutes shall be approved by the Board Chair and signed by the Board Secretary or in his/her absence by an officer of the Board. The Minutes of each Board meeting are to be posted on the bulletin board in the teachers' lounge at each school as well as on the school website. These Minutes shall also be made available to any individual upon request.

At the discretion of the Board certain minutes may be designated “Official Minutes Only” and distributed only to the Board of Trustees and the Members, as defined in Policy #1611.



Each Member Mission shall be entitled to two votes on matters requiring a vote by the Board. Associate Trustees shall be entitled to one vote on matters requiring a vote by the Board. A two-thirds majority vote is required on Policy matters, and a simple majority vote on all other matters before the Board.


Policies of the Board of Trustees 1500 - 1599


The Board of Trustees is responsible for the adoption of policies governing the operation of Morrison Academy. These policies shall establish principles and organizational relationships to ensure that the purposes and best interests of the Academy are accomplished.

Policy proposals shall be submitted in writing to the Governance Committee. Proposed policies may be initiated by the Board of Trustees, individual Trustees of the Board, Board standing committees, the Superintendent, or Members of the Association. Others who wish to make suggestions regarding Policy should follow the lines of authority as outlined in the organizational chart. (See Policy #2011 ORGANIZATIONAL CHART).



Proposed new and revised policies will be presented to the Board by the Governance Committee at an official meeting of the Board for adoption or rejection. Subsequently, the Governance Committee will revise any rejected policies before resubmitting them to the Board.



When necessary, the Board of Trustees may make exceptions to Policy. If two or more exceptions to a policy are made within two fiscal years, the policy shall be referred to the Governance Committee for review and/or revision.



The Policy Manual of the Board will be available via Internet or Intranet. Board approved changes to the Policy Manual will be posted within two weeks of approval.

As a continuing process, the Governance Committee will review and revise the Policy Manual. The following sections shall be reviewed once every four years by the appropriate committees and recommendations made to the Governance Committee:

Board of Trustees SectionGovernance Committee
Administrative Organization SectionGovernance Committee
Personnel SectionFinance committee
Finance and Operations SectionFinance Committee
Instructional - Students SectionGovernance committee
Boarding SectionBoarding Advisory,
through the Governance Committee



Either due to circumstances that occur or anticipated needs of the Superintendent, any Trustee, or any Board committee may recommend new policies.

From time to time action must be taken by the Superintendent which is not covered by any specific Board policy. In exceptional cases where action must be taken by the Superintendent, the Superintendent will consult with the Board Chair whenever possible. The Board Chair may choose to consult with the Executive Committee prior to advising the Superintendent.



The position statements of Morrison Academy consist of: the Philosophy Statement, Purpose Statement, Vision Statement, Core Values and Vision For Our Learners Statement

All policies must be consistent with Morrison Academy’s position statements.

The position statements shall be regularly reviewed according to the schedule in the Trustee Handbook.


Definitions 1600 - 1699


Morrison Academy is open to qualified employment and student applicants who are of good moral character, without regard or reference to race, gender, national or ethnic origin, color, age, or disability. Furthermore, each employee must agree with Morrison Academy's position statement and conduct their lives in conformity with professional, ethical and moral integrity.



The Members of Morrison Christian Association are the four sponsoring Missions: The Evangelical Alliance Mission, WorldVenture, International Mission Board of the Southern Baptist Convention, and One Mission Society, each being represented by a designated proxy.



A Mission is defined as a Morrison Academy recognized evangelical Protestant body or sending agency which supports expatriate missionaries.



A missionary is an individual living outside of his/her home culture whose primary work is seeking to reach people with a saving knowledge of Jesus Christ, or who is actively working in a supportive role alongside others who are carrying out this work. A missionary is sent out and supported by a church, mission, or other sending agency.

To be classified as a missionary by Morrison Academy, the individual must meet all of the following requirements:

  1. Agree with and sign the Morrison Academy Statement of Faith,
  2. Identify themselves as Protestant.
  3. Devote the majority of his/her time to reach people with a saving knowledge of Jesus Christ or to a supporting role alongside those who are carrying out this work.
  4. Rely on traditional sources for missionary support for the majority of their family income.
  5. Maintain a membership and accountability relationship with a mission, church, or sending organization. This organization must:
    • Have a Statement of Faith that is in agreement with the Morrison Academy Statement of Faith.
    • Identify itself as Protestant.
    • Be incorporated as a not-for-profit organization in a country other than the Republic of China.
    • Receive the majority of its financial support from sources outside of Taiwan.



A Christian worker is an individual whose primary goal is seeking to reach people with a saving knowledge of Jesus Christ, and who is employed or supported, and supervised by a Christian not-for-profit organization, church or other Christian sending agency.

To be classified as a Christian worker by Morrison Academy, the individual must meet the following requirements:

  • Agree with and sign the Morrison Academy Statement of Faith.
  • Identify themselves as Protestant.
  • In addition, the individual must qualify as either a Taiwan Christian Worker or Off-island Christian Worker by meeting the following requirements:

Taiwan Christian Worker

  • Maintain employment or be financially supported by a Taiwan- based Protestant Christian not-for-profit organization recognized by Morrison, whose statement of faith and doctrinal position are in agreement with the positions of Morrison Academy. Documentation from the organization will be required to verify continued employment, support and accountability to the organization.
  • Devote the majority of his/her time to reach people with a saving knowledge of Jesus Christ or to a supporting role alongside those who are carrying out this work.

Off-island Christian Worker

  • Maintain membership in and accountability to a Protestant Christian organization.
  • Provide a statement of primary purpose and ministry for work outside of Taiwan in Asia.



Mission-supported personnel are personnel contracted from and paid through a mission.



Direct-hire personnel are personnel contracted and paid directly by Morrison Academy.



FTE is the acronym for “full-time equivalent”, and is used as the standard unit of measure for the salaried positions and/or employees of Morrison Academy.



Because Morrison Academy is a Christian school the presentation of truth concerning Christian and non-Christian religions presented in a non-derogatory, non-hostile manner in accordance with the Academy's position statements is NOT considered harassment.

Harassment is an aggressive behavior or intimidating conduct. This includes a wide range of verbal, visual or physical conduct of a sexual or harassing nature. Examples of harassment include, but are not limited to the following:

  1. Unwanted sexual advances or propositions;
  2. Offering employment benefits in exchange for sexual favors;
  3. Offering academic benefits and/or other rewards in exchange for sexual favors;
  4. Making or threatening reprisals after a negative response to sexual advances;
  5. Visual conduct such as leering, displaying sexually suggestive objects including pictures, cartoons or posters, making sexual gestures, or other gestures which denigrate a person's race, color, religion, national origin, gender, disability or age;
  6. Written or graphic material, including electronic media, that denigrates or shows hostility or aversion toward an individual or group because of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, age or disability and that is placed on walls, bulletin boards, or elsewhere on the school premises, or circulated at the workplace or on social networking sites;
  7. Epithets, slurs, negative stereotyping, cyber-bullying, or threatening, intimidating, or hostile acts, that relate to race, color, religion, national origin, gender, disability or age, graphic verbal commentaries about an individual's body, sexually degrading words used to describe an individual, suggestive or obscene letters, electronic communication, notes or invitations; and
  8. Physical conduct such as inappropriate touching, assaulting, impeding or blocking movements.



Child abuse is a general term to describe the maltreatment of a child (under the age of 18 or a student who has not yet graduated from the 12th grade) by another person or persons in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust, or power, which endangers or impairs the health or welfare of a child. Child abuse can be perpetrated with or without the consent of the victim. I t can occur in a one-on-one encounter or a group setting.

Age Factor
Child abuse will not be tolerated at Morrison Academy whether it occurs child-to-child or adult-to-child.

  1. Adult-to-Child Cases: Any instance in which an abuser is over 18 years of age or a student who has graduated from the 12th grade will be considered adult-to-child abuse. Normally this would be when there is a difference in power based on age, or physical, intellectual, or emotional capacity. Child abuse is recognized under four categories: Physical Abuse, Emotional Abuse, Sexual Abuse, and Neglect.
  2. Child-to-Child Cases: Interactions between two or more children which the organization sees as inappropriate behavior, up to and including actual abuse. Should a child under the age of 18 (or still enrolled in high school) experience harmful behavior by another child under the age of 18 (or still enrolled in high school), it will typically be considered abuse if there is a notable difference in responsibility, trust, or power. Child-to-child cases will be judged on a case-by-case basis. Child-to-child inappropriate behavior and abuse includes all types of abuse defined below.

Types of Abuse
Child Abuse and child-to-child inappropriate behavior are recognized under four categories: Physical Abuse, Emotional Abuse, Sexual Abuse and Neglect.

  1. Physical Abuse: The inflicting of non-accidental physical trauma either by direct contact or indirect contact, such as through the use of an instrument, with the conscious or subconscious intention of hurting, controlling, or subduing a person(s) for purposes other than prescribed medical needs or non-excessive discipline. Such acts may include, but are not limited to: slapping, punching, beating, kicking, biting, shaking, burning, holding under water, pulling hair, or holding against one’s will.
  2. Emotional Abuse: The repeated use of threats, intimidation, acts of injustice or indignity by verbal/written, spiritual manipulation, and/or physical means (contact or non-contact) against a person(s).
  3. Sexual Abuse: Sexual abuse is the involvement of a child in sexual activity with an adult or another child (as defined above) which uses physical and/or emotional sexual stimuli or acts (visual, auditory, or physical) in the presence of an individual or upon an individual, with or without consent. This includes but is not limited to:
    • Verbal: Remarks which include sexual threats, solicitation, sexually explicit language (whether in person, on the telephone, or via text messaging or the internet), or any verbal expression with the intent to arouse or stimulate either party.
    • Visual: Indecent exposure, showing or taking of suggestive pictures, pornographic material of genitals, or the showing of unclothed persons, any sexual activity or simulated sexual activity such as masturbation or intercourse, peeping, leering, or staring.
    • Physical: Physical contact (or penetration by penis, fingers, or any other body part or object) with a person's clothed or unclothed genitals, pubic area, buttocks, or in the case of a female, breast, or causing a child to perform any of these acts: masturbation in front of or to the victim, rubbing, holding, or kissing for the purpose of sexual gratification.
  4. Neglect: The failure, refusal, or inability of a parent, guardian, legal custodian, or another person exercising temporary or permanent control over a child, for reasons other than poverty or war, to provide care, instruction, food, clothing, basic medical service, and shelter so as to seriously endanger the well-being of the individual.



A satellite campus is a campus operated by Morrison Academy, with five or fewer teachers. Responsibility for the campus lies with the designated administrator who is responsible to the Superintendent. With approval from the Superintendent, direct oversight of the campus may be delegated by the administrator to another staff member.



A campus is a school operated by Morrison Academy, which has more than seventy-five students, six or more teachers, and at least one administrator. Responsibility for the school lies with the administrator who is responsible to the Superintendent.


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